Text

Text

THE HISTORY OF THE SEWING MACHINE

MADE AND DISTRIBUTED BY PFAFF HANDEISGESELLSCHAFT FUR HAUSHALTNAHMASCHINEN mbH GRITZNERSTRABE 11, 7500 KARISRUHE 41, WEST GERMANY.

PEOPLE WHO OWN A MODERN PFAFF ELECTRONIC, A SEWING MACHINE WITH WHICH THEY CAN NOT ONLY SEW THEIR
OWN CLOTHES, BUT ALSO EMBROIDER AND DARN THEM, SELDOM STOP TO THINK HOW LABORIOS AND TIME-CONSUMING
SEWING WAS A YEARS AGO
.
SEWING MACHINES DID OF COURSE EXIST BEFORE THAN, BUT WERE HARDLY KNOWN AND SCARCELY TO BE FOUND.
AT THE TURN OF THE CENTURY, EVEN OUR GRANDMOTHERS OFTEN HAD TO BE CONTENT WITH THE SLOW AND
NOISY LONG-SHUTTLE MACHINE, WHICH OF COURSE WAS TREADLE-OPERATED.
NEVERTHELESS, THIS METHOD OF SEWING ONE'S OWN CLOTHES WAS A LUXURY COMPARED TO THE METHODS USED BEFORE THAT TIME.


FOR MORE THAN 5000 YEARS, WOMEN AND GIRLS, TAILORS, SHOEMAKER, AND SADDLERS KNEW NO OTHER WAY OF SEWING THAN BY HAND.
OUR ILLUSTRATION SHOWS A TAILOR'S SHOP ABOUT THE YEAR 1640.
WHEN MAN FIRST BEGAN MAKING CLOTHES, HE KNEW OF NO SUCH THING AS A SEWING NEEDLE.
FOR HIS SEWING -- IF ONE MAY CALL IT THAT - HE USED SHAPE PIECES OF BONE, THORNES, AND OTHER POINTED OBJECTS.
THESE TOOLS WERE USED TO MAKE HOLES IN THE EDGES OF ANIMAL SKINS, AND LATER ON IN PLAITED OR WOVEN PARTS.
IN ORDER TO HOLD THE VARIOUS PARTS TOGETHER , STRAPS, BAST FIBRES OR CORD WERE LACED THROUGH THESE HOLES.
THROUGHOUT THE AGES MAN HAS ENDEAVOURED TO MAKE CLOTHING THAT IS NOT ONLY PRACTICAL BUT ALSO ATTRACTIVE,
FOR THE ORIGIN OF ALL CLOTHING IS THE HUMAN DESIRE FOR ADORNMENT.
14TH CENTURY SEWING TECHNIQUES WERE IMPROVED BY AN IMPORTANT INVENTION, NEEDLE WITH AN EYE. 1370 WAS
WHEN THE FIRST NEEDLE WITH AN EYE MADE FROM STEEL WIRE MANUFACTURERS OF NUREMBERG.
WHEN THE 1ST ATTEMPS WERE MADE TO INVENT A MACHINE WHICH COULD SEW, PEOPLE'S REACTIONS WERE COMPLETELY
DIFFERENT.  THE ATITUDE OF THE PEOPLE AT THAT TIME TOWARDS INVENTORS OF SEWING MACHINES WAS HOSTILE
RATHER THAN FRIENDLY.  THE EFFORTS OF THOSE PIONEERS WERE REGARDED WITH A SNEER AS TOMFOOLERY OR EVEN
WITCHCRAFT.  IT IS NO WONDER THAT VERY FEW OF THEM ACHIEVED SUCCESS.  ALTHOUGH THEY WERE OFTEN FORCED TO
SACRIFICE THEIR HEALTH, THE HAPPNESS OF THEIR FAMLIES, THEIR EARNINGS, OR EVEN THEIR ENTIRE SAVINGS IN THE COURSE
OF THEIR EXPERIMENTS.

THE EARLIEST DESCRIPTION OF A SEWING MACHINE DATES BACK TO THE MIDDLEOF THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY,
A TIME WHEN EVEN CHILDREN'S DRESS REFLECTED THE SPLENDOUR OF LATE BAROQUE FASHION.  THIS MACHINE
IS SAID TO HAVE BEEN ABLE TO MAKEA RUNNING STITCH.
THE GERMAN WEISENTHAL IS SAID TO HAVE INVENTED THIS SEWING MACHINE IN 1755.  IT HAD A NEEDLE WITH AN
EYE IN THE MIDDLE WHICH MADERSPERGER IS SAID TO HAVE USED LATER.
SOME YEARS LATER, IN 1790, AN ENGLISHMAN BY THE NAME OF THOMAS SAINT BUILT A MACHINE WHICH SEWED A 
CHAINSTITCH SEAM.
ABOUT 1880 A GERMAN CALLED BALTASAR KREMS OF MAYEN IN THE RHINELAND BUILT HIMSELF A CHAINSTITCH SEWING
MACHINE FOR SEWING NIGHT CAPS.  HIS MACHINE WAS TECHNUCALLY HIGHLY ADVANCED FOR THAT PERIOD.  IT ALREADY
HAD A CONTINUOUS MATERIAL FEED, A CRANK-OPERATED NEEDLE BAR AND CERTAIN OTHER INTERESTING MECHANISMS
SOME OF WHICH ARE STILL USED ON SPECIAL-PURPOSE SEWING MACHINES TODAY.
THE MOST VALUABLE PART OF KREMS' MACHINE WAS THE NEEDLE HE DESIGNED FOR IT.  THIS NEEDLE HAD A EYE AT ITS TIP, AND IT WAS 
THIS TYPE OF NEEDLE WHICH LATER MADE POSSIBLE THE INVENTION OF THE LOCKSTITCHING SEWING MACHINE.
JOSEF MADERSPERGER, AN AUSTRIAN TAILOR, USED TWO OF THESE EYE-POINTED NEEDLES IN HIS LAST MACHINE AROUND 1830.
THUS HE WAS THE FIRST TO PRODUCE A STITCH CLOSELY RESEMBLING A LOCKSTITCH.

THIS MACHINE, FOR WHICH MADERSPERGER WAS AWARDED A BRONZE MEDAL, SEWED ABOUT 200 STITCHES PER MINUTE.
DESPITE THIS SUCCESS AND THE AWARD MADE TO HIM BY THE EMPEROR OF AUSTRIA, NOBODY IN THIS COUNTRY OFFERED
TO LEND THIS MODEST TAILOR A HELPING HAND.
FOR DECADES HE FOUGHT AGAINST PREJUDICE AND THE BUREAUCRACY OF HIS COUNTRY, BUT TO NO AVAIL.  UTTERLY
IMPOVERISHED, HE FINALLY SOUGHT REFUGE AT AN ALMSHOUSE AND, ON HIS DEATH, WAS BURIED IN A MASS GRAVE.
SUCH WAS THE LIFE AND FATE OF A GIFTED SEWING MACHINE INVENTOR.

THE DESTINY OF THIMMONIER, A FRENCH SEWING MACHINE INVENTOR, WAS EQUALLY ILLFATED.  ALTHOUGH UNTIL 1829
HE MANAGED TO BUILD AND SELL SOME 80 SEWING MACHINES MADE OF WOOD, HIS HOPES OF SUCCESS WERE SHATTERED
BY TAILOR WHO, FOR FEAR OF LOSING THEIR LIVELIHOOD, DESTROED HIS MACHINES AND REDUCED HIS WORKSHOP TO RUINS.
TO AVOID BEING KILLED BY THE EXCITED MOB, HE WAS FORCED TO FLEE FOR HIS LIFE . HE WAS ABLE TO SAVE JUST ONE
MACHINE AND WITH THIS MACHINE TRAVELLED THE FRENCH COUNTRYSIDE, DISPLAYING IF FOR A MODEST CHARGE TO GAPING
CROWDS AT COUNTRY FAIRS.
AND HOW WAS THE AMERICAN ELIAS HOWE FARING IN1845?  NOWADAYS HOWE IS GENERALLY REGARDED AS THE INVENTOR OF
THE FIRST REALLY USABLE LOCKSTITCH SEWING MACHINE WITH A SHUTTLE.
ALTHOUGH THE AMERICANS HAVE ALWAYS BEEN QUICK TO ACCEPT LABOUR-SAVING MACHINES, WHICH IS NOT THE NORMAL
EUROPEAN ATTITUDE, ELIAS HOWE WAS FORCED TO SACRFICE ALL HIS SAVINGSAND SUFFER GREAT DISAPPOINTMENT AT THE START.
IT WAS NOT UNTIL OTHERS HAD SUCCEEDED IN MAKING THE MACHINE KNOWN AND POPULAR WITH THE PUBLIC THROUGH EFFECTIVE
ADVERTISING AND HOWE HADSECURED HIS PATENT RIGHTS IN A MAMOTH TRIAL THAT HE WAS FINALLY ABLE TO ENJOY FAME AND WEALTH.
HOWEVER HE WAS NOTABLE TO ENJOY THIS GOOD FURTUNE FOR LONG BECAUSE THE MANY DISAPPOINTMENTS AND SACRIFICES HE HAD 
UNDERGONE IN HIS LIFE UNDERMINED HIS HEALTH AND ENERGY.

A MACHINE WHICH COULD SEW FIVE TIMES FASTER THAN THE BEST SEAMSTRESS OF THAT TIME HAD AT LAST BEEN INVENTED.
HOWEVER A CARTOON OF THAT PERIOD REFLECTS THE RELUCTANCE OF THE PEOPLE TO ACCEPT THE REVOLUTIONARY IDEA OF A 
MACHINE THAT SEWS.  IN SPITE OF THIS, INVENTORS AND MANUFACTURES PUSHED FORWARD WITH THEIR RELENTLESS ATTAMPTS
TO IMPROVE THE SEWING MACHINE BECAUSE ALL WHO WERE FAMILIAR WITH THE PRINCIPLES OF THE FIRST SEWING MACHINE WERE
CONVINCED THAT IT WOULD ONE DAY BE POSSIBLE TO SEW WITH EVEN LESS EFFORT AND, ABOVE ALL, FASTER.
THUS, AFTER COUNTLESS EXPERIMENTS, VARIOUS TYPES OF SHUTTLE AND HOOK SEWING MACHINES AND A LARGE VARIETY OF LOOPERS
AND CHAINSTITCH SEWING MACHINES WERE INVENTED.
AN INVALUABLE CONTRIBUTION TO THE DEVELOPMENT AND PERFECTION OF THE LOCKSTITCH SEWING MACHINE WAS MADE IN 1852 BY A.B.
WILSON, AN AMERICAN, WHO INVENTED THE ROTARY SEWING HOOK WITH FLOATING BOBBIN CASE.
TEN YEARS LATER, IN 1862, THE FIRST PFAFF SEWING MACHINE WAS MADE.  TODAY IT IS ONE OF THE EXHIBITS AT THE "DEUTSCHES MUSEUM"
IN MUNICH.
IN 1878 MAX GRITZNER INVENTED THE ROTARY HOOK WITH INTEGRATED BOBBIN CASE AND ....... IN 1887 PHILIPP DIEHL, AN AMERICAN BORN
AT WORMS IN GERMANY, INVENTED THE OSCILLATING SHUTTLE, WHICH HAS BECOME VERY POPULAR ON DOMESTIC SEWING MACHINES.

THESE TYPE OF SEWING HOOKS AND SHUTTLES BECAME GENERALLY ACCEPTED AND ARE STILL PREFERRED TODAY.  MOE RECENTLY, THE ROTARY SEWING HOOK WITH INTEGRATED BOBBIN CASE HAS BECOME THE FASTEST AND MOST DURABLE.
IN THE YEAR 1845 THE WORLD'S FIRST SHUTTLE SEWING MACHINE SEW 300 STITCHES PER MINUTE.  THE LATEST PFAFF ZIGZAG SEWING MACHINE
FOR HOME USE SEWS MORE THAN 1000 STITCHES PER MINUTE.  A MODERN PFAFF HIGHSPEED SEAMER FOR THE CLOTHING INDUSTRY CAN
EVEN ATTAIN A SPEED OF UP TO 7,000 STITCHES PER MINUTE.
THE MODERN PFAFF HIGH-SPEED SEAMERS, MOSTLY FOR READY-MADE ARTICLES, REACH SEWING SPEEDS OF UP TO 5,000 STITCHES PER MINUTE.

THE PFAFF TIPTRONIC 1071 IS ONE OF THE BEST PFAFF MACHINES.  IT SEWS PROFESSIONAL OVERLOCK SITICHES WITH PROTECTIVE EDGE
THREAD, AND INCORPORATES QUITE A FEW NOTEWORTHY FEATURES SUCH AS BUILT-IN DUAL FEED, MICRO-ELECTRONICS, A WIDE RANGE OF UTILITY AND EMBROIDERY STITCHES AS WELL AS AN AUTOMATIC THREADER.

WHAT IS THE USE OF DUAL FEED?
AS THE FABRIC PLIES ARE FED FROM BELOW AND ABOVE SIMULTANEOUSLY THEY DO NOT SHIFT WHICH IS OF SPECIAL IMPORTANCE WHEN
SEWING SLIPPERY MATERIAL OR FOR PATTERN-MATCHED SEWING.

PFAFF OF COURSE DO NOT ONLY SELL SEWING MACHINES BUT THE COMPLETE EQUIPMENT NEEDED FOR WORK ROOMS, I. E. ANYTHING FROM WALL CUPBOARD AND WORK CHAIR TO CUTTING TABLE AND SEWING MACHINE AS WELL AS MANY OTHER ARTCLES.

WITH THE PFAFF CREATIVE, THE LATEST AND MOST VERSATILE OF ALL PFAFF DOMESTIC MACHINES, WE NOW COME TO THE END OF OUR
SHORT EXPEDITION THROUGH THE HISTORY OF SEWING MACHINE.
WITH THE TOP MACHINE MODEL OF PFAFF, THE CREATIVE, SEWING IS A REAL JOY BECAUSE OPERATION IS SO EASY.  THE FACE PLATE OF THE
MACHINE CONTAINS A LIST OF ALL SEWING PROGRAMMES.  YOU SELECT A PROGRAMME, ENTER IT INTO THE COMPUTER AND SEW IT.
EVEN THE FAMILIAR CROSS STITCH CAN BE SEWN AUTOMATICALLY ON THE PFAFF CREATIVE.  THESE ARE THE TECHNICAL ADVANTAGES
OFFERED BY THIS SUPERB MACHINE:
*BUILT-IN DUAL FEED
*AUTOMATIC THREADER
*YOU CAN COMPILE YOUR OWN PROGRAMME OF STITCHES
AS FAR AS THIS MACHINE IS CONCERNED THERE ARE ABSOLUTLY NO LIMITS TO YOUR IMAGINATION.